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High density mango plantation with vegitable inter-cropping

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State Profile

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Uttarakhand, located at the foothills of the Himalayas, is characterized by diverse geographical features ranging from snow-capped mountain peaks in the North to tropical forests in the South. It has been divided into two regions- the western region- Garhwal Mandal and the eastern region- Kumaon Mandal. It is divided into 13 districts which consist of 95 blocks. The table below gives key demographic indicators and their comparison with pan-India numbers- 

SN

Indicators

Unit

Uttarakhand

India

1

Geographical Area

Lakh Sq. Km

0.53

32.87

2

Population

Crore

1.01

121.02

3

Decadal Growth Rate

Percentage

19.17

17.64

4

Density of Population

Population/Sq. Km.

189

382

5

Urban to Total Population

Percentage

30.49

31.16

6

Sex Ratio

Females/1000 Males

963

940

7

Literacy Rate (LR)

Percentage

79.60

74.04

2.  Land Use

       Out of a total geographical area of 5.35 million ha in the state, 4.6 million ha (86%) is hilly area and 0.74 million ha (14%) is plain area. Only about 14 percent of the geographical area is cultivable which is mainly attributed to the topography of the state. Because of its location and diverse climate, the State has certain unique advantages for development of horticulture, agro processing industries, organic farming, off season vegetable cultivation and cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants which can be gainfully exploited. Similarly, service sector, particularly tourism offers a large potential for employment generation in both urban and rural areas. The State is having about 61.1% area under forests. The share of net sown area is  only about 14 % as against the national average of 43.37%. The share of culturable wasteland is about 7% which provides a huge potential for fodder trees and other plantation crops including fruits.

             Agriculture is a predominant sector in the state economy which contributes around 23.4% in State Domestic Product (GDP).The average size of land holding in the state is 0.95 ha (Marginal-0.39, Small-1.38, Medium-3.33 and Large-36.00) as against the National Average of 1.57 ha. The share of small and marginal holdings is higher in Uttarakhand State as compared to National Average. The agriculture sector in the state continues to remain heavily depended on rainfall. The net Irrigated area in the State is 3.45 lakh ha. Out of which 85.83% is in plains and 14.17% are is in hills. The irrigation intensity in the State is 159% which varies between 155% in plains to 184% in hilly region.

 3. Agro Climatic Zones

The state has different agro-climatic conditions, slopes and height. Details of Physiographic Zones and farming situations in the state are as under:

S.N

Zone

Farming situation

Soil

Rainfall

(mm/year)

Districts

 Principal farm produces and Livestock

1

Zone A up to 1000 M

Tarai irrigated

 Alluvial

1400

U.S. Nagar, Haridwar

Rice, wheat, sugarcane, lentil, chickpea, rapeseed mustard, mango, Litchi, guava, peach and plums. Livestock: Buffalo and cattle

Bhabar

Irrigated

Alluvial mixed with boulders and shingles

1400

Nainital, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal

Rice, wheat, sugarcane, rapeseed mustard, potato, lentil, mango, guava and litchi. Livestock: Buffalo and cattle

Irrigated lower hills (600-1000M)

Alluvial sandy soil

2000-2400

Champawat, Pauri Garhwal, Dehradun, Nainital, Tehri Garhwal

Rice, Wheat, onion, chilly, peas, potato, radish, cauliflower, pulses, oilseeds, soybean, mango, guava, plums and peaches.

Livestock: Buffalo and cattle

Rain-fed lower hills (600-1000M)

Residual sandy loam

2000-2400

Champawat, Nainital, Pauri Garhwal, Dehradun, Tehri Garhwal, Bageshwar

finger millet, Maize, rice, wheat, pulses, mango, guava, plums and peaches.

Livestock: Buffalo, cattle and goat

2.

Zone B

1000-1500M

Mid hills south aspect (1000-1500 M)

Sandy loam

1200-1300

Champawat, Nainital, Almora, Dehradun, Tehri Garhwal, Bageshwar

Rice, finger millet, wheat, potato, tomato, peas, cole crops, pulses, peach and plums.

Livestock: Cattle, sheep & goat

3

Zone C

1500-2400M

High hills

(1500-2400 M)

Red to dark

1200-2500

Pithoragarh, Almora, Chamoli, Bageshwar

Amaranth, finger millet, French-beans, Cole crops, potato, peas, peaches, plums, pear, apple and stone fruits.

Livestock: Cattle, sheep and goat

4.

Zone D>

2400 M

Very High hills

Red to dark Black clay

1300

Pithoragarh, Chamoli and  Uttarkashi

Amaranth, buckwheat, peas, Cole crops, apple and potato.

Livestock: Sheep & goat

 4. Horticulture

The geographical attributes and climatic conditions of the state are ideal for production of temperate and subtropical fruit crops. In hilly areas, fruits like apple, pear, peach, plum, khumani and walnut are produced while mango, litchi, malta, santra, lemon, aonla, guava, and pomegranate are mostly grown in Tarai and valley areas. Major vegetables grown in the state are potato, cauliflower, tomato, onion, brinjal, pea, cabbage and okra. The state has a unique advantage of producing off-season vegetables in hilly areas, which fetches good price in the market. Major spices are ginger, garlic, turmeric and chilly. Details of area, production and productivity of major Horticulture crops in the state are as under (2015-16):

Crops

Area

(lakhs ha)

Production

(lakhs MT)

Productivity

(MT/ha)

State

Productivity

(MT/ha) National level

Rank in the Country-in terms of productivity

Rank in the Country-in terms of production

Fruit

1.753

6.591

3.76

11.70

30th

18th

Vegetable

(including Potato)

0.898

9.454

10.52

17.30

23th

19th

Spices

0.126

0.857

6.82

1.80

01st

19th

Flowers

0.013

Loose-0.017,

Cut-1471 lakh no

-

-

-

Overall 8th  and 2nd in cut flowers

Total

2.790

16.919

 

 

 

 

 

District wise details of Horticulture Statistics

(Area in ha and production in MT)

SN

District

Fruits

Vegetables

Potato

Spices

Flowers

Area

Pro

Area

Pro

Area

Prod

Area

Prod

Area

Production

Spik(lakh No)

Loose Flower (MT )

1-

Nainital

10834.97

109389.31

5876.88

59700.30

1835.45

26472.60

1425.44

8769.69

61.62

338.12

200.07

2-

US Nagar

7556.20

53138.00

7437.00

89986.00

2757.00

61036.00

1107.00

9341.00

99.00

184.44

54.86

3-

Almora

24162.00

175647.00

4436.00

43511.00

2444.00

53813.00

1222.00

9070.00

22.55

52.87

6.84

4-

Bageshwar

3538.00

12632.54

1576.75

8227.25

3490.00

5613.00

436.30

3532.07

13.60

0.00

3.70

5-

Pithoragarh

15717.00

46030.00

5359.00

72344.00

1783.00

45718.00

493.00

4826.00

4.81

2.42

6.32

6-

Champawat

8178.00

13471.00

3095.00

20965.00

1100.00

11670.00

660.00

4163.00

6.30

10.85

1.60

7-

Dehradun

26408.00

40059.00

9669.00

70755.00

2552.00

14853.00

1083.00

9002.00

194.50

101.21

506.32

8-

Pauri

20781.00

33330.00

4773.00

34508.00

1008.00

13973.00

791.00

3724.00

35.00

7.00

103.00

9-

Tehri

20942.58

28510.07

8220.92

73896.35

2528.10

49118.12

2434.65

16550.27

12.84

0.00

83.96

10-

Chamoli

3632.73

15212.13

2037.95

12216.83

538.61

6026.36

511.38

2686.50

37.29

0.00

10.63

11-

Rudraprayag

3110.25

2366.90

1004.50

3085.30

691.10

8720.00

544.70

2283.10

61.10

1.69

61.50

12-

Uttarkashi

15132.92

30625.50

6301.27

37371.15

3559.00

27927.00

767.33

2804.45

20.14

0.89

0.064

13-

Haridwar

15336.25

98682.70

4158.00

60552.45

1603.50

33304.15

1087.80

8986.85

766.61

771.25

709.45

 

Total

175329.90

659094.15

63945.27

587118.63

25889.76

358244.23

12563.60

85738.93

1335.36

1470.74

1748.31

 

Commodity- wise Details of Area and Production of Fruits, Vegetables, Spices and Flowers) 

Fruits                                                                       `                      Vegetables 

SN

Fruits

Area in ha

Production in MT

 

SN

Vegetables

Area in ha

Production in MT

   1

Mango

35911.50

149727.23

 

1

Tomato

8550.15

93223.49

   2

Citrus

21152.51

88728.72

 

2

Pea

11822.76

83009.48

   3

Pear

13029.11

78778.12

 

3

Cabbage

6118.12

67568.69

   4

Apple

24982.03

61940.80

 

4

Radish

4995.26

56533.50

   5

Peach

7855.77

57933.81

 

5

Onion

4066.81

41587.06

   6

Plum

8837.89

36154.89

 

6

French bean

5681.54

39953.57

   7

Apricot

7954.21

28197.76

 

7

Cauliflower

3007.04

38484.61

   8

Litchi

10253.18

23742.47

 

8

Brinjal

2494.29

26355.51

9

walnut

17243.84

19322.83

 

9

Okra

3278.76

24261.28

10

Guava

3367.25

19084.56

 

10

Capsicum

2472.30

13770.27

11

Aonla

814.10

2369.07

 

11

Others

11458.24

102371.17

   12

Others

23928.51

93113.89

 

 

Total 

63945.27

587118.63

 

Total

175329.90

659094.15

 

1

Potato

25889.76

358244.23

Spices                                                                                              Flowers 

SN

Fruits

Area in ha

Production in MT

 

SN

Flowers

Area in ha

Production

 

Spikes( in Lakh no)

Loose Flower (in MT)

1

Ginger

4875.64

47120.46

 

1

Gerbera

93.25

899.40

-

2

Turmeric

1407.53

12205.84

 

2

Carnation

20.46

86.83

-

3

Garlic

1530.45

9768.25

 

3

Rose

104.70

-

130.18

4

Chilli

2556.43

8607.26

 

4

Marigold

730.59

-

1499.09

5

Fenugreek

568.57

3245.57

 

5

Gladuolous

280.77

467.69

-

6

Coriander

1146.65

3191.12

 

6

Rajnigandha

17.00

-

32.52

7

Large cardamom

74.51

99.58

 

7

Lilium

9.25

16.82

-

8

Others

403.82

1500.85

 

8

Others

79.34

-

86.52

 

Total

12563.60

85738.93

 

 

Total

1335.36

1470.74

1748.31

5. Ranking of Uttarakhand in Horticulture in India

6. Departmental Infrastructure:

7. Agriculture Marketing Infrastructure in the State

   Uttarakhand Krishi Utpadan Mandi Parishad (UKUMP) is the nodal agency responsible for agricultural marketing in the state. UKUMP has created state-wide network for marketing of agricultural produce with 25 Principal Market Yards, 31 Sub Market Yards and 27 Weekly Markets. To ensure marketing of horticulture produce, 18 separate marketing yards have been established in the state .Under RKVY, 3 Farmer Consumer Markets have been setup in Dehradun viz Majri Grant in Doiwala Block, Danda Lakhond and Nanurkhera in Raipur Block. Government of Uttarakhand has established a separate Uttarakhand Horticulture Marketing Board to assist farmers of the state in Marketing of horticulture produce.

Status of APMC Act: The state government has amended the APMC Act, in line with Model Act 2003.  The amended Act facilitates setting up of private markets, farmer consumer markets, reduced fee on perishable horticulture produce, contract farming, e NAM for e-trading etc.

8. Cold storages: Total 17 cold storages and 3 CA storages with capacity of 59900 MT have been set up in the state.

9. Policy / Administrative Measures in Horticulture Sector:

10. Status of Food Processing Industry in Uttarakhand

ü  Four Agri Export Zones (AEZs) have already been declared under the AEZ scheme of Government of India for litchi, floriculture, herbs & medicinal plants and basmati rice.

ü  Two Mega Food Park (Patanjali Food & Herbal Park Ltd, Haridwar and Himalaya Food park, Kashipur) have been set up under  Mega Food Parks Scheme of Ministry of Food Processing Industries. 

ü  Leading players in food processing industry like Nestle, Britannia, Dabur, ITC, Flex Food, Indian Glycol, Apis India have setup their processing facilities in the state with cumulative investments of over Rs. 1000 crore. In addition, there are a number of small and medium sized food processing units in the state.

ü  The status of Food Processing Industry in the State is as under:-

11. Policy Framework Governing the Industrial Sector

11.1The MSME Policy, 2015 Uttarakhand

State Government has formulated MSME Policy 2015, to provide incentives for setting up of industries including food processing industries which has subsumed the Special Integrated Industrial Promotion Policy 2008 for Hilly & Remote Areas of Uttarakhand.

The salient features of the fiscal incentives and concessions provided under the Scheme are- 

a)      Land development promotional scheme

ü  Allotment of land for setting up of industrial units on priority basis with availability of general facilities like electricity, road, water supply, connecting roads etc.

ü  Full concession on stamp duty for purchase / lease of land from industrial areas developed by State Govt. / private sector

ü  The process of land use change to be simplified

b)     Special State Capital Production Incentive: Industries making investment in certain areas of the state shall be provided capital incentives depending on the areas- at the rate of 25 percent of the total investment subject to a maximum of Rs. 40  lakh in certain areas and at the rate of 20 percent of the total investment subject to a maximum of Rs. 25 lakh in other areas 

c)      Interest subsidy: Industries (in specified geographies) seeking loan through Banks/Financial Institutions shall be given incentives of loans at concessional rates- of simple interest up to @ 6 percent per annum on term loan, with a ceiling of Rs. 5 lakh per unit per annum to units in some areas and @ 5 percent subject to ceiling of Rs 3 lakh per unit per annum in other designated areas.

d)     Power Concession to new Industrial Units: All new industrial units (in designated areas) engaged in manufacturing and production of goods including the industrial enterprises engaged in the activities in service sector shall be entitled for 100 percent rebate or exemption on electric bills for a period of ten years. This is not applicable to hotels, resorts, furnaces etc. The industries based on fruit preservation, herbal and medicinal plants and domestic produce shall be given due preference and priorities in this scheme.

e)      Grant towards transport subsidy in hilly areas: In order to promote industrial units based on raw material produced in hilly areas, the transport subsidy @ 5 percent of annual turnover (maximum of Rs 5 lakh) will be provided by the State Government to compensate the higher cost of transportation for units in designated areas and 3 percent of annual turnover (maximum of Rs 3 lakh) for units in other designated areas. 

f)       State Government will provide grant-in-aid to set up the industrial unit @ 75 percent of expenditure with a ceiling of Rs. 2.00 lakhs per project towards payment of ISO certification, ISI mark, quality marking, BIS & FPO license, trade mark & copyright registration by the national and internationally approved agencies / institutions.

11.2 Mega Industrial and Investment Policy, 2015:

 Government of Uttarakhand has promulgated Mega Industrial and Investment Policy 2015 to promote large scale units above Rs. 75.00 crore investments.

11.3  Sector Specific State Bodies/Agencies

State Infrastructure and Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand Limited (SIDCUL) plays a key role in industrial development of the state- both in terms of policy formulation and infrastructure development. Industries Association of Uttarakhand (IAU) is an apex body of small and medium scale industries of Uttarakhand and assists in the development of small and medium scale enterprises in the state. For promotion and growth of food processing industries in the state, Department of Horticulture & Food Processing is the nodal agency. Beside scheme of MSME,food processing industries are setup under HMNEH and state food processing mission.

12.Technology Interventions:- 

Department of Horticulture & Food Processing, Uttarakhand has been adopting various technologies in different schemes for enhancement of production and productivity and quality of fruit, vegetable, spices and flowers by adopting cluster approach, which include setting up of nurseries, tissue culture labs and distributions of planting material, vegetable seed production, area expansion, rejuvenation of old and senile orchards, creation of community and individual water sources, protected cultivation, INM/IPM, organic farming, pollination support through bee keeping, promotion of mushroom cultivation, mechanization, training of farmers and officials, awareness campaign, post harvest management and marketing and food processing. PHM components includes on farm handling units, cold storages, CA storages, pre-cooling units, ripening chambers, primary processing / value addition units, refrigerated vans, under marketing component rural markets, whole sale & terminal markets, functional infrastructure for collection, sorting, grading packing, establishment of horticulture produce based  new processing units, modernization and up-gradation of existing units are taken up.

13. New Initiatives taken by State

14. Way Forward

             a) Market Intervention Scheme

             b) Weather based Crop Insurance scheme

 

Key Links

http://www.doiuk.org/ (Department of Industries, Uttarakhand)

http://agriculture.uk.gov.in/ (Department of Agriculture, Uttarakhand)

http://ukmandi.co.in/ (Uttarakhand Krishi Utpadan Mandi Parisad)

http://uk.gov.in/contents/view/1/6/ (Directorate of Food Processing)

http://www.sidcul.com/ State Infrastructure and Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand Limited (SIDCUL)

http://des.uk.gov.in/ (Department of Economics and Statistics, Uttarakhand)

http://www.ahduk.org/ (Department of Animal Husbandary, Uttarakhand)

http://www.mpstateagro.nic.in/EZ.HTM (agro industries related information)

http://nhb.gov.in/ and http://agricoop.nic.in/ (for all horti and agri production information)